This is an extract from Tony Czarnecki’s book: ‘Democracy for a Human Federation’
As I mentioned earlier, the most likely way forward for the EU Federalization is the Fast Track Transition, involving only the ‘core’ EU countries, and which may be triggered off by invoking article 20 of the Lisbon Treaty. That would have left some EU countries almost literally in an unknown territory. However, there is an unexpected potentially positive development in the EU, which might lead to a very rapid federalization of the whole EU. On 27 November 2019 in Paris, President Macron with a nod from Chancellor Merkel proposed the setting up of the Future of Europe Conference. Initially, it was to be started on 1st January 2020, an unprecedented speed, and be completed by 2022. They even named the man to oversee the whole process – Guy Verhofstadt, a staunch federalist. But 27 European Council members, postponed the debate ‘for later’. The date for the start of the Conference was postponed to VE Day, 8th May 2020. However, because of the Covid-19 pandemic it was postponed again to autumn 2020.
In the meantime, on 15th January 2020, the European Parliament, a strong advocate of the initiative, prepared a full script for the organization of the Conference and its tentative deliverables. According to that document, the members of the Conference would come from various EU organizations as shown below (more details in my book ‘Democracy for a Human Federation’).
The decision-making body is to be the Conference Plenary, but the European Council does not want these decisions to be binding and has not agreed to allow any members of Citizens’ Assemblies to take part and have a vote in the decisions made by the Plenary.
The Conference is to discuss six subject areas (called Themes): Institutions, Economy, Security and Defence, Climate Change, Digital World and Social Issues. Each of these themes is to be deliberated in one of the six chosen EU countries at a series of debates at Citizens Assemblies over a 2-year period.
However, even the more ambitious programme of the Conference prepared by the EU Parliament, is far inadequate to meet the post-Covid challenges. And here lies a sudden opportunity to convert the planned conference into a de facto Constitutional Convention for the future European Federation. I envisage that such a process of the EU transition into a federation may happen in two stages. Click here to access the next section on how the EU Citizens might impact the course of the Conference.