What is Superintelligence?

Before we answer this question, let us first look at Artificial Intelligence (AI), which is a very new discipline. It has been applied in earnest for at least 30 years under various other names such as Expert Systems and later on Neural Networks. Its key features are super performance and imitation of human cognitive abilities like problem solving and learning or speech recognition. It can beat best human capabilities but usually in one discipline only. Therefore, it is termed as a “narrow AI”. In 2011, the IBM Watson computer system competed in Jeopardy game, against former winners Brad Rutter and Ken Jennings. Watson won the game and the prize of $1 million. Then in March 2016 Google’s AlphaGo computer using self-learning (machine learning) program, beat the 18-time world champion Lee Sedol. The success of self-learning has sparked a real revolution in AI. Progressively, a narrow AI will advance its capabilities until it becomes Artificial General Intelligence (AGI), or simply Superintelligence. The following sub sections provide further details on how Superintelligence may be borne, the benefits it will provide, and what are the profound, existential risks for Humanity, if it becomes malicious. The top tabs on the right of Superintelligence, propose the means, in which humans might avoid that risk and instead create a beneficial Superintelligence providing a proverbial World of Abundance.

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